Tourette syndromeis psychoneurogenobehavioral disorder based on neurotransmitter, characterized by unconsciously and rapid actio­n, genetic, hereditary, children onset, and possess vocal-motoric tics pattern that is permanent and chronic. In short, TS isneurodevelopmental-neuropsychiatric disorder that is neurogenetic origin.3

A tic (habit spasms) is a sudden, rapid, repetitive, recurrent, stereotyped, nonrhy­thmi­c motor movement or vocalization involvi­ng discrete muscle groups, which usuall­y occur in response to a sensation or an urge. It often occurs in bouts. Tics can be simpl­e and dystonic (sustained abnormal postu­re), tonic (isometric contractions), or clonic (brief jerking movements). In society, it is recognized specific terminology of tics, i.e.: coprophenomena (swearing vocalisations and gestures, including shouting obscenities or racial slurs), echophenomena (copying other people’s actions or words), and palipheno­men­a (repetition of a word, phrase or gesture).4,5,6 The writers coined them as “pantomime/parody of tics”.

The synonyms of Tourettesyndrome are Tourette’s syndrome, Tourette’s disorder, Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. In this scientific paper, terminology Tourette’s syndromeis also called TS.

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