Tourette syndromeis psychoneurogenobehavioral disorder based on neurotransmitter, characterized by unconsciously and rapid action, genetic, hereditary, children onset, and possess vocal-motoric tics pattern that is permanent and chronic. In short, TS isneurodevelopmental-neuropsychiatric disorder that is neurogenetic origin.3
A tic (habit spasms) is a sudden, rapid, repetitive, recurrent, stereotyped, nonrhythmic motor movement or vocalization involving discrete muscle groups, which usually occur in response to a sensation or an urge. It often occurs in bouts. Tics can be simple and dystonic (sustained abnormal posture), tonic (isometric contractions), or clonic (brief jerking movements). In society, it is recognized specific terminology of tics, i.e.: coprophenomena (swearing vocalisations and gestures, including shouting obscenities or racial slurs), echophenomena (copying other people’s actions or words), and paliphenomena (repetition of a word, phrase or gesture).4,5,6 The writers coined them as “pantomime/parody of tics”.
The synonyms of Tourettesyndrome are Tourette’s syndrome, Tourette’s disorder, Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. In this scientific paper, terminology Tourette’s syndromeis also called TS.